Weaving is a method of textile production, in which threads are interlaced with each other in right angles. Fabrics are woven on looms and have different kinds of thickness and softness. The oldest trace of woven textiles goes back to around 10 000 B.C. and was found in the Americas. In Eurasia the oldest woven textiles are from Turkey and almost 9000 years old.
Weaving has had an important position in Nepal. The earliest records date back until the 2nd century AD, but it supposedly has a longer tradition. There has been a strong influence from Indian pilgrims and traders who dealt with Nepalese blankets. In the 7th century Chinese pilgrims reported about Nepalese weaving skills. Blankets and rugs were produced by Nepalese weavers to protect people from the cold weather in the mountains. In the 1960’s, Nepalese carpet making was influenced by thousands of Tibetan refugees settling in Nepal. The most used materials in Nepal are sheep and yak wool, silk, cotton and hemp.
Our women are weaving on hundred years old looms that work without electricity. We found them in a house that got destroyed by the earthquake in 2015 and the owner was very pleased to sell them to us. They are very ancient and made out of robust wood.
- The weaving training program lasts for six months and women learn different techniques.
- In the first month, the trainee gets a stipend of 4000 NPR (around 38$).
- According to her progress and motivation, the monthly pay can increase up to 6000 NPR (57$) during her training program.
After this period of time, the trained women will be able to produce woven items with different techniques and will be qualified to handle the weaving looms.